According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an intellectual disability means a significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information and to learn and apply new skills (impaired intelligence). This results in a reduced ability to cope independently (impaired social functioning), and begins before adulthood, with a lasting effect on development.
Disability depends not only on a child’s health conditions or impairments but also and crucially on the extent to which environmental factors support the child’s full participation and inclusion in society.
The use of the term intellectual disability in the context of the WHO initiative “Better health, better lives” includes children with autism who have intellectual impairments. It also encompasses children who have been placed in institutions because of perceived disabilities or family rejection and who consequently acquire developmental delays and psychological problems.
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Where to go for help and support
Rehabilitation centres serve people who have a physical disability, an intellectual disability (ID), a pervasive development disorder (PDD), an addiction problem (alcohol, drugs, gambling) or behavioural, psychosocial or family difficulties. Generally speaking, rehabilitation centres offer adaptation, rehabilitation, social integration and accompaniment, as well as support services for family and friends. Their services may be provided on the centres’ premises, in schools, at work or at home, as need be. In Montréal, there are 14 rehabilitation centres, five of which are private.
Atelier le Fil d’Ariane inc. (private)
West Island Readaptation Centre (public)
Miriam Home and Services (public)
Services de réadaptation l’Intégrale (public)
Resources for Teachers
Resources for Parents
Online Resources — Quebec Government
A guide containing information on the various programs and services offered by government departments and agencies to persons with disabilities. ?The information is organized by category. This guide is available in French Only